php laravel5.5使用rabbitmq消息队列

博主看了一些消息队列,大多数消息队列都没有对 php 比较友好的 SDK,这边 rabbitmq 算是一个不错的消息队列,给大家介绍一下在 Laravel 中如何使用。

安装rabbitmq和amqp

docker pull rabbitmq:3.8.3-management

docker run -d --hostname my-rabbit --network docker_server_default --name rabbit -p 5672:5672 -p 15672:15672 -p 25672:25672 -v /Users/{user}/data/rabbitmq:/var/lib/rabbitmq rabbitmq:3.8.3-management

博主这边使用 docker 快速安装,给大家介绍一下以上命令:

  • rabbitmq 镜像有两种 我们拉带web管理界面的,即 management
  • --hostname 设置该节点默认主机名称 避免随机主机名
  • --network 因为我前面php是一个网络,现在要把rabbitmq加入前面的网络
  • -v 即是挂载,避免容器数据丢失
  • -p 指定端口映射,此处 5672 端口用于程序访问 RabbitMQ 的接口;15672 端口是用于 RabbitMQ 可视化 UI 管理的暴露端口,可以通过在浏览器中输入 localhost:15672访问 RabbitMQ 的管理控制台,默认登陆账号密码是 guest,guest25672 端口用于 RabbitMQ 集群各节点之间的通讯。
  • 查看容器状态
  • 可以登录查看一下 localhost:15672
  • php安装amqp

PHP 使用 AMQP 协议来连接 RabbitmqAMQP 协议即 “Advanced Message Queuing Protocol ”,高级消息队列协议。

apt-get update
apt-get install php-amqp

博主这边是ubuntu镜像,直接就apt

这下都准备好啦,准备在 laravel 里面配置

在Laravel中配置 Rabbitmq

  • 安装

我是Laravel5.5,按照文档上说我只能用6版本

composer require vladimir-yuldashev/laravel-queue-rabbitmq=6.0

这个包依赖illuminate/queue,在composer.json里面一并添加

"illuminate/queue": "^5.5.44",
  • config/app.php 文件中,providers 中添加
VladimirYuldashev\LaravelQueueRabbitMQ\LaravelQueueRabbitMQServiceProvider::class,
  • app/config/queue.php 配置文件中的 connections 数组中加入以下配置
'rabbitmq' => [

            'driver' => 'rabbitmq',

            'dsn' => env('RABBITMQ_DSN', null),

            /*
             * Could be one a class that implements \Interop\Amqp\AmqpConnectionFactory for example:
             *  - \EnqueueAmqpExt\AmqpConnectionFactory if you install enqueue/amqp-ext
             *  - \EnqueueAmqpLib\AmqpConnectionFactory if you install enqueue/amqp-lib
             *  - \EnqueueAmqpBunny\AmqpConnectionFactory if you install enqueue/amqp-bunny
             */

            'factory_class' => Enqueue\AmqpLib\AmqpConnectionFactory::class,

            'host' => env('RABBITMQ_HOST', '127.0.0.1'),
            'port' => env('RABBITMQ_PORT', 5672),

            'vhost' => env('RABBITMQ_VHOST', '/'),
            'login' => env('RABBITMQ_LOGIN', 'guest'),
            'password' => env('RABBITMQ_PASSWORD', 'guest'),

            'queue' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE', 'default'),

            'options' => [

                'exchange' => [

                    'name' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_NAME'),

                    /*
                     * Determine if exchange should be created if it does not exist.
                     */

                    'declare' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_DECLARE', true),

                    /*
                     * Read more about possible values at https://www.rabbitmq.com/tutorials/amqp-concepts.html
                     */

                    'type' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_TYPE', \Interop\Amqp\AmqpTopic::TYPE_DIRECT),
                    'passive' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_PASSIVE', false),
                    'durable' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_DURABLE', true),
                    'auto_delete' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_AUTODELETE', false),
                    'arguments' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_ARGUMENTS'),
                ],

                'queue' => [

                    /*
                     * Determine if queue should be created if it does not exist.
                     */

                    'declare' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_DECLARE', true),

                    /*
                     * Determine if queue should be binded to the exchange created.
                     */

                    'bind' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_DECLARE_BIND', true),

                    /*
                     * Read more about possible values at https://www.rabbitmq.com/tutorials/amqp-concepts.html
                     */

                    'passive' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_PASSIVE', false),
                    'durable' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_DURABLE', true),
                    'exclusive' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_EXCLUSIVE', false),
                    'auto_delete' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_AUTODELETE', false),
                    'arguments' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_ARGUMENTS'),
                ],
            ],

            /*
             * Determine the number of seconds to sleep if there's an error communicating with rabbitmq
             * If set to false, it'll throw an exception rather than doing the sleep for X seconds.
             */

            'sleep_on_error' => env('RABBITMQ_ERROR_SLEEP', 5),

            /*
             * Optional SSL params if an SSL connection is used
             * Using an SSL connection will also require to configure your RabbitMQ to enable SSL. More details can be founds here: https://www.rabbitmq.com/ssl.html
             */

            'ssl_params' => [
                'ssl_on' => env('RABBITMQ_SSL', false),
                'cafile' => env('RABBITMQ_SSL_CAFILE', null),
                'local_cert' => env('RABBITMQ_SSL_LOCALCERT', null),
                'local_key' => env('RABBITMQ_SSL_LOCALKEY', null),
                'verify_peer' => env('RABBITMQ_SSL_VERIFY_PEER', true),
                'passphrase' => env('RABBITMQ_SSL_PASSPHRASE', null),
            ],

        ],
  • .env
QUEUE_DRIVER=rabbitmq # 走rabbitmq
RABBITMQ_HOST=rabbit # 我的容器是 rabbit 你们要是ip就写ip
RABBITMQ_PORT=5672
RABBITMQ_VHOST=/
RABBITMQ_LOGIN=guest # 账号
RABBITMQ_PASSWORD=guest # 密码
RABBITMQ_QUEUE=test_queue # 队列名称。如果你没有它会默认创建 Exchanges和Queue

#ssl连接配置
#RABBITMQ_SSL=true
#RABBITMQ_SSL_CAFILE=/path_to_your_ca_file
#RABBITMQ_SSL_LOCALCERT=
#RABBITMQ_SSL_PASSPHRASE=
#RABBITMQ_SSL_KEY=
  • 创建任务 QueueJob
php artisan make:job Queue

执行之后会生成一个文件 app/Jobs/Queue.php

<?php

namespace App\Jobs;

use Illuminate\Bus\Queueable;
use Illuminate\Queue\SerializesModels;
use Illuminate\Queue\InteractsWithQueue;
use Illuminate\Contracts\Queue\ShouldQueue;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Bus\Dispatchable;

class Queue implements ShouldQueue
{
    use Dispatchable, InteractsWithQueue, Queueable, SerializesModels;

    private $id;
    private $title;

    /**
     * Create a new job instance.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function __construct($id, $title)
    {
        //
        $this->id = $id;
        $this->title = $title;

    }

    /**
     * Execute the job.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function handle()
    {
        //
        echo 'id =='. $this->id;

        app('log')->info('id ===>'. $this->id. 'title ====>' . $this->title);

    }
}

  • 生产,把数据放进 mq 队列
<?php
/**
 * Created by 憧憬.
 */

namespace App\Http\Controllers\App;


use App\Http\Controllers\Controller;
use App\Jobs\Queue;

class IndexController extends Controller
{

    public function index()
    {

        echo phpinfo();
        $arr = [
            ['id' => 1, 'title' => '张三'],
            ['id' => 2, 'title' => '李四'],
            ['id' => 3, 'title' => '王五'],
        ];

        foreach ($arr as $v) {
            $queue = new Queue($v['id'], $v['title']);
            $this->dispatch($queue);
        }

        return response(0, '200');

    }
}
  • 消费队列
php artisan queue:work rabbitmq --queue=test_queue --tries=3
  • 也可以在web端查看连接和duilie

好啦就到这里了,大家也可以尝试一下。

您的支持是对我最大的鼓励!

发表于: 作者:憧憬。
关注互联网以及分享全栈工作经验的原创个人博客和技术博客,热爱编程,极客精神
Github 新浪微博 SegmentFault 掘金专栏